This research assesses the collapse mechanisms of tufa deposits. The city of Antalya, located on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, has been settled on tufa deposits. By the end of 1980s, the area behind the tufa cliffs became the site of high-rise residential buildings. Some of these buildings have suffered from foundation instabilities, which have given rise to cracking and fissuring of the walls, and overall tilting. The collapsible behaviour upon loading and/or wetting of some tufa deposits has caused foundation settlement.