Evaluation of seismic response factors for BRBFs using FEMA P695 methodology

Ozkihc Y. O. , Bozkurt M. B. , TOPKAYA C.

JOURNAL OF CONSTRUCTIONAL STEEL RESEARCH, vol.151, pp.41-57, 2018 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 151
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jcsr.2018.09.015
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.41-57
  • Keywords: Buckling-restrained brace, Structural frames, Steel, Seismic, Response factor, Yielding, RESTRAINED BRACED FRAMES, PERFORMANCE, DESIGN, BEHAVIOR
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


This paper reports the details of a numerical study undertaken to evaluate seismic response factors for steel buckling-restrained braced frames (BRBFs) using the FEMA P695 methodology. In the United States, BRBFs are designed according to Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures (ASCE 7) and the Seismic Provisions for Structural Steel Buildings (AISC 341). Twenty-four archetypes were designed according to the U.S. specifications and their behavior was assessed by making use of non-simulated collapse models. The interstory drift, brace axial strain and cumulative brace axial strain demands under collapse level ground motions were determined. The results obtained indicate that the current seismic response factors are adequate in terms of interstory drift and cumulative axial strain demands. On the other hand, large differences between the design level and collapse level axial strains were reported, which can result in undesirable brace behavior. Modified approaches were developed to estimate the axial strains for collapse level ground motions. These indude a modification to the deflection amplification factor and a modification to the AISC 341 requirements for expected brace deformations. The archetypes were redesigned using the proposed modifications and reevaluated using the FEMA P695 methodology. The results indicate that the proposed modifications result in axial strain demands that are in close agreement with the calculated demands. (C) 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.