The re-analysis of the ROSAT data of Nova Mus 1983 using white dwarf atmosphere emission models

Balman S. , Krautter J.

MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY, vol.326, no.4, pp.1441-1447, 2001 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 326 Issue: 4
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1046/j.1365-8711.2001.04716.x
  • Page Numbers: pp.1441-1447
  • Keywords: stars : atmospheres, binaries : close, stars : individual : GQ Muscae, stars : mass-loss, novae, cataclysmic variables, X-rays : stars, X-RAY-EMISSION, OPTICALLY THICK WINDS, CLASSICAL NOVAE, CNO ABUNDANCES, V1974 CYGNI, HERCULIS 1991, GQ-MUSCAE, EVOLUTION, OUTBURST, DECLINE


The analyses of X-ray emission from classical novae during the outburst stage have shown that the soft X-ray emission below 1 keV, which is thought to originate from the photosphere of the white dwarf, is inconsistent with the simple blackbody model of emission. Thus, ROSAT Position Sensitive Proportional Counter (PSPC) archival data of the classical Nova Mus 1983 (GQ Mus) have been re-analysed in order to understand the spectral development in the X-ray wavelengths during the outburst stage. The X-ray spectra are fitted with the hot white dwarf (WD) atmosphere emission models developed for the remnants of classical novae near the Eddington luminosity. The post-outburst X-ray spectra of the remnant white dwarf are examined in the context of evolution on the Hertzsprung-Russell diagram using C-O enhanced atmosphere models. The data obtained in 1991 August (during the ROSAT All Sky Survey) indicate that the effective temperature is kT(e) < 54 eV (< 6.2 x 10(5) K). The 1992 February data show that the white dwarf had reached an effective temperature in the range 38.3-43.3 eV (4.4-5.1 x 10(5) K) with an unabsorbed X-ray flux (i.e. similar to bolometric flux) between 2.5 x 10(-9) and 2.3 x 10(-10) erg s(-1) cm(-2). We show that the H burning at the surface of the WD had most likely ceased at the time of the X-ray observations. Only the 1991 August data show evidence for ongoing, H burning.