The effect of particle size distribution on the properties of blended cements incorporating GGBFS and natural pozzolan (NP)

Binici H., Aksogan O., Cagatay I. H. , Tokyay M. , Emsen E.

POWDER TECHNOLOGY, vol.177, no.3, pp.140-147, 2007 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 177 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.powtec.2007.03.033
  • Title of Journal : POWDER TECHNOLOGY
  • Page Numbers: pp.140-147
  • Keywords: blended cement, compressive strength, natural pozzolan, GGBFS, particle size distribution (PSD), FLY-ASH, MORTARS, PASTES


This paper investigates the effect of particle size distribution on the properties of blended cements incorporating ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBFS) and natural pozzolan (NP). Pure Portland cement (PPC), NP and GGBFS were used to obtain blended cements that contain 10, 20, 30% additives. The cements were produced by intergrinding and separate grinding and then blending. Each group had two different Blaine fineness of 280 m(2)/g and 480 m(2)/g. According to the particle size distribution (PSD) curves, 46% of the coarser specimens and 69% of the finer specimens passed through the 20 mu m sieve. It was observed that the separately ground specimens were relatively finer than the interground ones and had higher compressive strength and sulfate resistance. The separately ground coarser specimens had the lowest heat of hydration. The separately ground finer specimens, which had the highest compressive strength and sulfate resistance, had the highest percent passing for each sieve size. For these specimens 34, 69, 81 and 99% passed through 5, 20, 30 and 55 gm sieves, respectively. For the interground specimens, which had the same fineness, the respective values for the same sieves were 32, 68, 75 and 94%. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.