The effect of proactive and preventive coping styles on personal and organizational outcomes: Be proactive if you want good outcomes


Ersen O., BİLGİÇ R.

COGENT PSYCHOLOGY, vol.5, no.1, 2018 (Journal Indexed in ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 5 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2018
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/23311908.2018.1492865
  • Title of Journal : COGENT PSYCHOLOGY
  • Keywords: job satisfaction, task performance, OCB, proactive coping, preventive coping, JOB-SATISFACTION, REGULATORY FOCUS, CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIORS, NEGATIVE AFFECTIVITY, POSITIVE MOOD, THINGS HAPPEN, WORK, PERFORMANCE, METAANALYSIS, MODEL

Abstract

The purpose of the present study is to examine the relationship between proactive and preventive coping styles and some individual and organizational outcomes, namely, job satisfaction, task performance, and organizational citizenship behavior. Psychometric qualities of the scales were established through a pilot study by collecting data from 90 employees selected from different sectors. More data were collected from additional 125 employees. Altogether, 215 employees participated in the present study. Of the participants, 114 were women (53%) and 101 were men (47%). Results showed that proactive coping skills predicted organizational outcomes positively (i.e. job performance, job satisfaction, and organizational citizenship behavior). Preventive coping style did not predict any of the outcomes. Results were discussed and implications for the managers were mentioned. Some future research themes were suggested, and limitations of the study were listed.