Driver social desirability scale: A Turkish adaptation and examination in the driving context


YILMAZ Ş. , ARSLAN B. , Öztürk İ. , Özkan Ö., ÖZKAN T. , Lajunen T.

Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, vol.84, pp.53-64, 2022 (Journal Indexed in SCI Expanded) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 84
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.trf.2021.11.009
  • Title of Journal : Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-64
  • Keywords: Driver behavior, Driver impression management, Driver self-deception, Driver skill, Driver social desirability, Social desirability

Abstract

© 2021 Elsevier LtdSelf-report data collection methods are widely used techniques to gather information in studies related to road safety. One of the most considerable limitations of self-reports is social desirability bias. One way to overcome the possible detrimental effects of socially desirable responding is to control it by using social desirability scales. With respect to that, the present study aims to adapt the Driver Social Desirability Scale into Turkish, examine its construct validity, and investigate the relationship between social desirability and driving-related measures. A total of 351 drivers between the ages of 19 and 59 completed a questionnaire including a demographic information form, the Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ), the Driver Skill Inventory (DSI), the Two-Dimensional Social Desirability Scale (SDS), and the Driver Social Desirability Scale (DSDS). Factor analysis supported the two-factor structure of the DSDS in the Turkish sample. Social desirability correlated positively with age and driving experience. Female drivers reported higher levels of driver impression management, while male drivers scored higher on self-deception. Driver impression management was associated negatively with violations and perceptual-motor skills and positively with safety skills. Lastly, driver self-deception was positively related to violations, positive driver behaviors, perceptual-motor skills, and safety skills. The study shows that the Turkish version of the DSDS is a reliable and structurally valid instrument with incremental validity compared to the general social desirability measure in predicting driving-related outcomes.