A unified parameter to represent reservoir heterogeneity


Agastya N. R.

SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition 2021, ATCE 2021, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, 21 - 23 September 2021, vol.2021-September identifier

  • Publication Type: Conference Paper / Full Text
  • Volume: 2021-September
  • Doi Number: 10.2118/208630-stu
  • City: Dubai
  • Country: United Arab Emirates

Abstract

© 2021, Society of Petroleum EngineersWe aim to find a universal method and/or parameter to quantify impact of overall heterogeneity on waterflood performance. For this purpose, we combined the Lorenz coefficient, horizontal permeability to vertical permeability ratio, and thief zone permeability to average permeability ratio, with a radar chart. The area of the radar chart serves as a single parameter to rank reservoirs according to heterogeneity, and correlates to waterflood performance. The parameters investigated are vertical and horizontal permeability. Average porosity, initial water saturation, and initial diagonal pressure ratio are kept constant. Computer based experiments are used over the course of this entire research. We conducted permeability studies that demonstrate the effects of thief zones and crossflow. After normalizing these parameters into a number between 0 and 1, we then plot them on a radar chart. A reservoir's overall degree of heterogeneity can be inferred using the radar chart area procedure discussed in this study. In general, our simulations illustrate that the larger the radar chart area, the more heterogenous the reservoir is, which in turn yields higher water cut trends and lower recovery factors. Computer simulations done during this study also show that the higher the Lorenz coefficient, the higher the probability of a thief zone to exist. Simulations done to study crossflow also show certain trends with respect to under tonguing and radar chart area.