Assessment of Dewatering Requirements and Dewatering Well Design for an Open Pit Coal Mine in Central Anatolia


MINE WATER AND THE ENVIRONMENT, vol.41, no.3, pp.748-763, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 41 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s10230-022-00877-4
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aqualine, CAB Abstracts, Environment Index, Greenfile, INSPEC, Pollution Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.748-763
  • Keywords: FEFLOW, Numerical modeling, celtikci coal basin, Groundwater inflow, GROUNDWATER INFLOW, WATER
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The celtikci Coal Basin is a newly discovered coal basin in Central Anatolia where 11 years of open-cut mining has been planned. The bulk of the mining will be conducted below the regional water table; hence, determination of the dewatering requirements and proper design of the dewatering wells plays a critical role. This study (i) defined the dewatering requirements of the open-pit mine, (ii) established a dewatering well design for the area, and (iii) assessed the anticipated impacts of the dewatering activities. For this purpose, a 3-D numerical groundwater flow model was developed using the FEFLOW software. Yearly dewatering requirements were determined under transient conditions. For the dewatering well simulations, two types of dewatering wells were considered: permanent wells located at the open pit boundary that would increase in number as the excavation proceeds and wells located at the periphery of the yearly excavated area that would be operational for about two years. The simulation results indicated that 894 wells were required to satisfy dry working conditions; the average pumping rate throughout the mine life was calculated as 322 L/s. The impacts of open-pit dewatering on groundwater resources were assessed in terms of spring discharge and base flow rates in the nearby Kirmir stream. As a result of dewatering, most of the village water supply springs and fountains will dry up in the area. In addition, the base flow rates to the Kirmir stream will be decreased by 15%.