Cost assessment of concrete and steel types for office buildings: An exploratory study

Kanit R., Ozkan O., Gunduz M.

BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, vol.42, no.9, pp.3404-3409, 2007 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 9
  • Publication Date: 2007
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2006.08.013
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.3404-3409


This paper presents a set of regression models which incorporates concrete and steel types in modeling the costs of office buildings. To these ends, three typical office buildings with seven and 15 stories have been designed by the help of a commercial software taking into account the Turkish practice. In each project C-16, C-20, C-25, C-30 and C-35 concrete classes and S-220 and S-420 steel types were used for dimensioning purposes. Rough construction costs were then calculated for different combinations of concrete classes and steel types. The findings of the study revealed that column dimensions decrease following an increase in a particular concrete class. However, this decrease stops after C-30. Furthermore, an average cost difference of 16% was observed between the steel types S-220 and S-420. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.