Anisotropic Transformation Strain and Its Consequences on Distortion during Austenitization

Simsir C., Lubben T., Hunkel M., Hoffmann F., Zoch H.

MATERIALS PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERIZATION, vol.1, no.1, 2012 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2012
  • Doi Number: 10.1520/mpc104556
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index, Scopus


The distribution of segregations, which is introduced in the continuous casting process and modified during succeeding manufacturing steps, is considered as an important "distortion potential carrier" for chemically banded steels. This article presents a recently developed mathematical model for integration of the effect of prior forming and cutting operations into heat-treatment simulations by considering "anisotropic transformation strain (ATS)." The model was justified experimentally by simulating the heating and austenitization of dilatometer specimens machined from the forged discs with distinct orientations with respect to the banded microstructure. After the verification, it is used in conjunction with former experimental work to demonstrate that the distribution of fiber flow is one of the important reasons of the dishing of carburized discs. The model provides promising results for process chain simulation to predict the heat-treatment distortion that cannot be predicted with currently available models.