Structural and optical properties of pure ZnO and Al/Cu co-doped ZnO semiconductor thin films and electrical characterization of photodiodes

Demirbilek N., Yakuphanoǧlu F., Kaya M.

Materialpruefung/Materials Testing, vol.63, no.3, pp.279-285, 2021 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 63 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1515/mt-2020-0042
  • Journal Name: Materialpruefung/Materials Testing
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.279-285
  • Keywords: Sol-gel, photodiode, ZnO, nanostructure, optical properties, semiconductors


© 2021 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston, Germany.Nano-structured semiconductor thin films and p-type Si photodiodes were fabricated with the sol-gel spin coating technique using pure ZnO and co-doped ZnO:Alx:Cuy with x = 1 at.-%, y = 1, 2, 3, 5 at.-%. The structural and optical properties of thin films were examined using an XRD and a UV-spectrophotometer. The thin films have a hexagonal wurtzite crystal structure, and their optical band gap energies decrease with increasing Cu contribution. The electrical properties of photodiodes were assessed via I-V, C-V, (G/ω)-V and phototransient current (I-t, C-t) measurements. The Φb(I-V), experimental zero-bias barrier height, rectification ratio, ideality factor and Ion/Ioff parameters of the diodes were calculated using thermoionic emission model. In addition, Φb(C-V), barrier height, Vbi, built-in voltage, Vd, diffusion potential, Nd, donor concentration and Wd, depletion layer width of p-Si/ZnO:Alx:Cuy (x = 1 at.-%, y = 1 at.-%.) photodiodes were obtained using a C-2-V graph plotted at 1 MHz frequency.The photodiodes exhibit rectifying and photosensitive behaviors, and their reverse bias current increases with increasing light intensity. These results indicate that produced diodes can be employed as photodiodes or photosensors in optoelectronic circuits and electronic devices.