Cross-cultural comparison of need importance and need satisfaction during adolescence: Turkey and the United States


Hortacsu N.

JOURNAL OF GENETIC PSYCHOLOGY, cilt.158, ss.287-296, 1997 (SSCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi)

  • Cilt numarası: 158 Konu: 3
  • Basım Tarihi: 1997
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1080/00221329709596668
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF GENETIC PSYCHOLOGY
  • Sayfa Sayısı: ss.287-296

Özet

Turkish and U.S. adolescents' views concerning the importance of different needs and instrumentality of relationships with mothers, fathers, siblings, and same-sex friends for need satisfaction were examined and compared. Questionnaires covered needs related to crucial issues of adolescence, namely, relatedness and autonomy/individuation. Participants were 12- to 17-year-old boys and girls from intact families. Cross-cultural differences in ascribed importance of needs related to some aspects of relatedness and autonomy/individuation emerged. Cross-cultural similarities in ascribed importance of needs related to feelings of basic acceptance and need for self-understanding/development also emerged. Turkish adolescents perceived mothers as more instrumental for need satisfaction than did U.S. adolescents. Gender differences in importance ascribed to different needs also emerged. Cross-cultural differences were consistent with differences in predominant values and modal family dynamics of the respective countries.