Effects of social contact with homosexuals on heterosexual Turkish university students' attitudes towards homosexuality

Sakalli N., UGURLU O.

JOURNAL OF HOMOSEXUALITY, vol.42, no.1, pp.53-62, 2001 (SSCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1300/j082v42n01_03
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.53-62
  • Keywords: homosexuality, social interaction, attitudes, friendship with homosexuals, intergroup contact, homosexuality in Turkey, prejudice, INTERPERSONAL CONTACT, INTERGROUP CONTACT, FEMALE HOMOSEXUALS, GAY MEN, LESBIANS, HOMOPHOBIA
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of social interaction with homosexuals on attitudes toward homosexuality in a sample of heterosexual Turkish university students. Hudson and Ricketts' 25-item scale was translated from English into Turkish and used to measure students' attitudes toward homosexuality. Findings, in general, suggested that exposure to and contact with homosexuals resulted in more positive attitudes toward homosexuality. Performed factor analysis demonstrated that there were three factors for the scale. The factors were labelled as "Social interaction with homosexuals,. Probable family ties with homosexuals," and "Tendency to be a homosexual." Subjects' negative attitudes toward homosexuality increased on the last two factors, which were about having a homosexual child or sibling, and being comfortable with being attracted to a homosexual. Results were discussed in terms of prejudice and intergroup contact. (C) 2001 by The Hawtorth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.