Pyrolysis characteristics and kinetic parameters of two Turkish lignites having different ash contents (Orhaneli as low ash and Soma as high ash sample) were studied under N-2 and CO2 atmospheres by means of thermogravimetric analysis. The isoconversional kinetic methods of FlynnWallOzawa, KissingerAkahiraSunose, and Friedman were employed to estimate the activation energy and pre-exponential factors. The experiments were conducted at four different heating rates of 5, 10, 15, and 20 degrees C/min within the temperature range of 50950oC. The obtained results indicated that changing the pyrolysis ambient had no significant effect on the devolatilization region up to 700 degrees C. The char formation region in N-2 atmosphere was due to the CaCO3 decomposition and was more significant for Soma lignite due to its high ash content. However, in CO2 atmosphere, the gasification reaction took place at temperatures higher than 700 degrees C. The decomposition process of CaCO3 in CO2 atmosphere was hampered up to temperatures higher than 900 degrees C. The estimated activation energies were found to have approximately similar trends under different atmospheres. For Orhaneli lignite, the average activation energy values were higher in CO2 environment. However, for Soma lignite due to decomposition of CaCO3,the activation energy values were higher in N-2 atmosphere. The mean uncertainty values were assessed for the activation energy values obtained for all test cases.