Use of sedimentary structures in the recognition of sequence boundaries in Upper Jurassic-Upper Cretaceous peritidal carbonates of the Western Taurides, Turkey


YILMAZ İ. Ö. , ALTINER D.

INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW, vol.43, no.8, pp.736-753, 2001 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 43 Issue: 8
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1080/00206810109465045
  • Title of Journal : INTERNATIONAL GEOLOGY REVIEW
  • Page Numbers: pp.736-753

Abstract

Subtidal, intertidal, and supratidal carbonate facies are recognized in the Upper Jurassic (Kimmeridgian)-Upper Cretaceous (Cenomanian) peritidal carbonates of the Fele area (Western Taurides, Turkey). Vertical stacking patterns of these facies are of a cyclical character, shallowing upward is the trend of the cyclicity in these carbonate facies. In-situ karstic breccias, collapse breccias, caliche (laminar calcrete), "Microcodium" accretion, and root casts are structures commonly indicative of third-order sequence boundaries. However, mud cracks, solution pores or vugs, sheet cracks, loferites, and birds-eye structures are commonly delineated by parasequence boundaries. In-situ or collapse breccias can be genetically derived from sheet cracks, mud cracks, solution pores or vugs, and birds-eye structures with increasing exposure time. The use of such sedimentary structures in the recognition of sequence boundaries is highly practical in the ancient carbonate platforms of the world, inasmuch as the sequence boundaries, as demonstrated in this study, correlate with the eustatic sea level curves.