Fundamentals of cancer treatment service design: a guideline considering the healing environment concept

Cankurtaran I., GÜNEL M. H.

Facilities, vol.42, no.5-6, pp.446-471, 2024 (ESCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 42 Issue: 5-6
  • Publication Date: 2024
  • Doi Number: 10.1108/f-12-2022-0158
  • Journal Name: Facilities
  • Journal Indexes: Emerging Sources Citation Index (ESCI), Scopus, ABI/INFORM, Aerospace Database, Business Source Elite, Business Source Premier, Communication Abstracts, INSPEC, Metadex, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Page Numbers: pp.446-471
  • Keywords: Architectural design, Design methodology, Health-care architecture, Hospitals, Psychology of design, User-centred design
  • Middle East Technical University Affiliated: Yes


Purpose: Cancer has become a priority among today’s health problems. Therefore, providing facilities that ensure high-quality cancer treatment has become an essential design problem. Additionally, a considerable number of studies have introduced the ‘healing environment concept’ as a substantial input for healthcare buildings. The purpose of this paper is to present a design guide for cancer treatment services that is compatible with the healing environment concept. Design/methodology/approach: In this context, studies on the healing environment have been analyzed, and the legislation of some selected countries has been assessed. Then, all the filtered data are used to form the design guideline for chemotherapy department, radiation oncology department and inpatient care services under a new series of analysis criteria. Findings: The resulting principles are revealed according to the criteria of general settlement principles, internal function relations, medical necessities, user experience, interior design, social interaction/privacy, safety, landscape design and outdoor relations by the help of proposed plans, diagrams and schematic drawings. Originality/value: This research constitutes the first and yet only study in its field that aims to increase efficiency and user satisfaction and provide better patient-centered care while providing a design guide on health-care architecture.