Modelling the contribution of negative affect, outcome expectancies and metacognitions to cigarette use and nicotine dependence


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Nikcevic A. V. , ALMA L., Marino C., Kolubinski D., Yilmaz-Samanci A. E. , Caselli G., ...More

ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS, vol.74, pp.82-89, 2017 (Peer-Reviewed Journal) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 74
  • Publication Date: 2017
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.06.002
  • Journal Name: ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.82-89
  • Keywords: Cigarette use, Metacognitions about smoking, Negative affect, Nicotine dependence, Smoking outcome expectancies, CONSEQUENCES QUESTIONNAIRE-ADULT, ALCOHOL-USE, SMOKING-CESSATION, DEPRESSION, VALIDATION, EMOTION, ANXIETY, INITIATION, CONTINUUM, BEHAVIOR

Abstract

Background: Both positive smoking outcome expectancies and metacognitions about smoking have been found to be positively associated with cigarette use and nicotine dependence. The goal of this study was to test a model including nicotine dependence and number of daily cigarettes as dependent variables, anxiety and depression as independent variables, and smoking outcome expectancies and metacognitions about smoking as mediators between the independents and dependents.