INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SUSTAINABLE ENERGY, vol.42, no.1, pp.461-473, 2023 (ESCI)
Many loss processes in perovskite solar cells (PSCs) take place at interfaces. One effective mitigation strategy is introducing carbon derivatives at the interface of the charge transport layers with the halide perovskite absorber and/or with the contacts. In this work, single-walled carbon nanotubes are incorporated into the hole transporting material (HTM), either as composites or as a separate layer on top of the HTM. Both organic and inorganic hole transport materials are studied to validate this approach for different types of HTMs. It is shown that the CNTs facilitate charge transport from perovskite to the back contact, regardless of the HTM used. The use of CNTs results in an increase in a significant increase in short circuit current and power conversion efficiency. This study illustrates how SWCNTs can be utilised to improve the properties of a wide range of HTMs, which will pave the way for more efficient and PSCs.