Research provides considerable evidence that students of effective
teachers have significantly higher achievement than students of
ineffective teachers. According to the research findings, the
induction support provided to beginning teachers who are less
effective can accelerate their professional growth, making them
more effective faster. Although there is no universal best practice
in beginning teacher induction, there are many programs around
the world that are well-planned and executed. When designing
beginning teacher induction programs, it is wise to take into
consideration the policies and practices that proved successful.
With this aim, this study adopted a cross-national comparative case
study approach to investigate the new teacher induction program
of the USA (State of Wisconsin Sample), one of the earliest
implementers of national teacher induction scheme (1992), and that
of Turkey, who has been implementing a systematic teacher
induction since 2016, in detail to help in reviewing and
strengthening the induction policies and practices of Turkey.
Accordingly, qualitative data were collected through document
analysis and semi-structured interviews with program directors,
beginning teachers and mentors in each country and subject to both
within and cross-case analyses to identify the similarities and
differences across the cases and determine the best practices.
Finally, some policy suggestions were made, such as employing
full-time high-quality mentors using a precise mentor selection
process based on qualities of an effective mentor, offering mentors
initial and continuous professional development opportunities,
providing sanctioned time for mentor-teacher interactions,
describing the roles and responsibilities of all program
stakeholders clearly and promoting cooperation among all
stakeholders. The study expects to provide information to policymakers and leaders in an effort to provide a precise analysis of the
teacher induction program in Turkey and to suggest areas where
we can learn from another implementation.