Effect of health related fitness physical education intervention on 9th grade students’ health related fitness knowledge, physical activity and physical fitness levels

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014




Purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8-week health related physical education course (HRFPEC) intervention on 9th grade students’ health related fitness knowledge (HRFK) level, physical activity level (PAL) and physical fitness levels. An experimental research design with two groups as HRFPEC and skill based physical education course with 154 students from conveniently assigned classes were measured before and after intervention. While experimental group attended the HRFPEC intervention, comparison group attended skill based physical education course intervention. Quantitative data were gathered from Health Related Fitness Knowledge Test (HRFKT), International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Fitnessgram tests (Left & right leg Flexibility, Push-up, Pacer, Curl-up and BMI). Data gathered from HRFKT and IPAQ were analyzed by mixed design multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and data gathered from Fitnessgram testes were analyzed by mixed design analysis of variance (ANOVA). The knowledge test results revealed significant effect of HRFPEC intervention on students’ cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular endurance, training principles and general health knowledge parameters of HRFKT. Intervention was also significantly effective for increasing the low and vigorous PAL of participants. Lastly the HRFPE intervention significantly affected right leg flexibility, pacer cardiovascular, curl-up muscular endurance, and BMI positively. All these results demonstrated the effect of HRFPE intervention on developing students HRFK level, physical activity behavior and physical fitness tests performances. This study revealed that HRFPE course interventions could be designed and implemented by physical education teacher in real school settings. Further recommendations were discussed regarding the content and implementation of intervention for physical education teachers, curriculum specialists, and national ministry of education and for future studies.