The contribution of rumination, internal working models of attachment, and help seeking attitudes on psychological symptoms of university students

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Education, Department of Educational Sciences, Turkey

Approval Date: 2009




Purpose of the study is to examine the relationship of ruminative tendency, internal working models of attachment (Self-Model and Other-Model) and help seeking attitudes (Positive Beliefs and Negative Beliefs) with psychological symptoms among the university students. In scope of the current research, the mediation role of rumination in the relationship between internal model of self and psychological symptoms was examined. By applying convenient sampling procedure, six hundred and ten university students were included into the current study from 9 different state universities in Ankara and Istanbul. Turkish version of Relationship Questionnaire (Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991), Relationship Scale Questionnaire (Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994), Brief Symptom Inventory (Derogatis, 1992), Ruminative Response Scale (Nolen-Hoeksema & Marrow, 1991) and Attitudes toward Seeking Psychological Help - Shortened (Türküm, 2001) were delivered to the university students at university campuses. Multiple regression analyses were implemented to evaluate the research hypotheses. The results revealed that rumination, internal model of others, and negative beliefs about psychological help significantly predicted the increase in psychological symptoms of Turkish university students. Positive beliefs about psychological help did not relate to psychological symptoms of university students for the current set of data. In addition to this, rumination mediated the relationship between internal model of self and psychological symptoms of university students. The research findings were discussed by relying on the previous research premises.