Synthesis and characterization of polypropylene based ion-exchange resin

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Turkey

Approval Date: 2012




The synthesis of ion-exchange resin which can be used in various separation and chemical purposes, such as diffusion dialysis, electro dialysis, electrolysis and fuel cells has of considerable interest. For all these applications, the interactions of the ionic groups and the resulted morphologies are critical for establishing the unique properties. Considerable researches have been continued to understand the microstructure of these materials. The aim of this study is to synthesize polypropylene (PP) based ion exchange resins and to investigate their ion-exchange properties. In the first part of this study polypropylene was functionalized by grafting maleic anhydride onto the polypropylene and the product was characterized by ATR. The effect of maleic anhydride introduced to the grafting medium and the effect of the radical initiator on the maleic anhydride content of the MA-g-PP samples were investigated. In the second part, neutralization of the MA-g-PP samples with Na+, K+, Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions and peroxide cross-linking of neutralized MA-g-PP samples were performed. Characterization of the neutralized MA-g-PP samples were performed by ATR and SEM-EDX. In the last part of the study, ion exchange properties of MA-g-PP resins towards Cu2+, Co2+, Cd2+, Pb2+ and Fe3+ ions at different pHs were investigated by batch equilibrium method. Rate of metal uptake, concentration effect on the metal uptake and regeneration of the MA-g-PP samples were also examined.