Influence of the shear wall area to floor area ratio on the seismic performance of existing reinforced concrete buildings

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2013




An analytical study is performed to evaluate the influence of shear wall area to floor area ratio on the behavior of existing mid-rise reinforced concrete buildings under earthquake loading. The seismic performance of five existing school buildings with shear wall ratios between 0.00% and 2.50% in both longitudinal and transverse directions and their strengthened counterparts are evaluated. Based on the structural properties of the existing buildings, additional buildings with varying shear wall ratios are designed. Consequently, twenty four buildings with different floor plans, number of stories, cross-sectional properties of the members and material strengths are acquired. Nonlinear time-history analyses are performed for all buildings by utilizing the software program, SAP2000 v14.2.0. under seven different ground motion records. The results indicated that roof drifts and plastic deformations reduce with increasing shear wall ratios, but the rate of decrease is lower for higher shear wall ratios. Buildings with 1.00% shear wall ratio have significantly lower roof drifts and plastic deformations when compared to buildings with 0.00% or 0.50% shear wall ratio. Roof drifts and plastic deformations are minimized when the shear wall ratio is increased to 1.50%. After this limit, addition of shear walls has only a slight effect on the seismic performance of the analyzed buildings.