Assessment of health-related physical activity level, lesson context and teacher behaviour in elementary school physical education


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2003

Thesis Language: English

Student: Irmak Hürmeriç

Supervisor: SADETTİN KİRAZCI

Abstract:

Physical Education (PE) includes the development of knowledge and positive attitudes toward physical activity. Regular physical activity participation during childhood and adolescence has many beneficial effects on health. The purpose of the study was (a) to describe student physical activity level, lesson context and teacher behavior, (b) to determine the relationships among physical activity, lesson context and teacher behavior, (c) to investigate the differences among these variables in public and private schools. Nineteen PE teachers from public and private schools in Ankara participated to the study. For data collection, 6th, 7th and 8th, (n=144) grade elementary school students were observed systematically by using SOFIT during 36 lessons. Results showed that students were spending little time in moderate to vigorous physical activity and they were generally standing or sitting in PE lesson. During the active time, they were generally practicing skill in both public and private schools. Teachers spent majority of lesson time on providing instruction for skill practice. However, teachers did not spend time on fitness knowledge and promotion of fitness in PE lessons. The findings of the study showed that there was a significant relationship between student activity level, lesson context and teacher behavior variables. PE teachers in public schools had higher scores of demonstration but teachers in private schools had higher scores of observation. In addition, there were no significant differences in lesson context variable between schools. Physical Education classes require active participation of students for skill and fitness development. However this study indicated that although students were practicing some forms of skills, there were not spending time on fitness development and fitness promotion during classes. Provision of in service training for teachers