The relations among personality traits, emotional expression, quality of life and romantic relationship satisfaction of migraine patients: An emotional expression group therapy practice


Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Student: PINAR KAYA KURTMAN

Supervisor: ÖZLEM BOZO ÖZEN

Abstract:

The main purpose of present dissertation is to investigate the predictive role of personality traits on quality of life and relationship satisfaction of migraine patients; and the moderator role of emotional expression of the patients in these relationships. In addition, the other purpose is to examine the effect of an emotional expression group psychotherapy in terms of emotional expression, quality of life and romantic relationship satisfaction of the migraine patients. Three studies were conducted in the scope of thesis. The purposes of Study 1 were adapting Migraine Specific Questionnaire (MSQ version 2.1) to Turkish and calculating its psychometric properties. Data for Study 1 and 2 was collected from 150 migraine patients who met the inclusion criterion of being married or having a romantic relationship at least for the last 6 months. Psychometric properties of MSQ (Version 2.1) was calculated in Study 1 which revealed good reliability and validity. Multiple moderation analyses were conducted in Study 2. Different emotional expression styles moderated the association of personality characteristics and quality of life or relationship satisfaction. In addition, Study 3 included an intervention of emotional expression which was a psychoeducational group therapy for migraine patients. Only, woman migraine patients participated in 8 session of group therapy for Study 3 and data collected from them before and after the intervention. Related-samples Wilcoxon signed-rank test was conducted for Study 3. Results showed that group therapy elicited an increase in role function restriction scores when it was compared pre-post measurements. Results and their implications, as well as the strengths and limitations of the study, were discussed in the light of the literature.