Utilization of waste materials from iron-steel and zinc industries for sorption of hydrogen sulfide at high concentrations /

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Environmental Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2004

Thesis Language: English

Student: Ebru Harmancı



The slags from iron-steel and zinc industries are rich in metal oxide contents like FeO, MnO, CaO. However, these slags are not used extensively, except some usage in the cement industry. These slags can be used in removing H2S from waste gases from different industrial sources. The purpose of this research is to study the effect of initial concentration of H2S on the capacity and sorbent efficiency of waste materials from iron-steel and zinc industries. Experiments were conducted in a 25 mm-quartz reactor with simulated gases containing H2S as reactive gas. Breakthrough curves for sulfidation reactions were obtained for 3000 ppmv, 4000 ppmv and 5000 ppmv initial H2S concentrations at the reaction temperature range of 500°Cا700°C. According to the results obtained from the experiments, the H2S removal capacity of both slags increased with increasing reaction temperature, however, the H2S removal capacity of the slags decreases as the initial H2S concentration increases. Cyclic sulfidation and regeneration tests were applied to both steel and zinc slags in order to determine the regenerability of the slags. In cyclic tests, zinc slag gave better results than steel slag. A أDeactivation Modelؤ was used in order to fit the breakthrough curves obtained experimentally to the breakthrough curves predicted from the deactivation model. A very good fit was obtained for both steel and zinc slags. Zinc slag was shown to be more suitable for gas cleanup than steel slag taking into account its high H2S removal efficiency, regenerability and low cost (almost free of charge).