Analyzing interrelations between aspects of spatial triad in the case of Syrian refugee craftsmen in Ulubey neighborhood, Ankara

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Turkey

Approval Date: 2019

Student: Hazal Ertem



Migration, which aims to seek better living conditions, is an issue affecting many countries today. The places that emigrate and receive migration are affected economically and socially. In addition, due to developing technology and globalization, migration has become one of the daily practices of the societies in this age. Forced migration is another aspect of migration and is on the agenda of many countries due to internal or external conflicts or environmental disasters. In addition, Syrian migration, the largest flow of mass and forced migration in recent years, has affected many countries, especially neighboring countries. Because of Turkey’s open-door policy for the Syrian immigration, this country has been most affected by Syrian refugee movement. Although refugees were generally settled in camps when they first arrived, they started to settle in cities due to the rapid increase in their numbers over time. This situation has had spatial and social consequences in cities. On the other hand, according to Lefebvre (1991), (social) space is produced socially. In this context, the places where the refugees settle are produced depending on their emotional and physical experiences. In this respect, Lefebvre argues that space is produced physically, mentally and imaginary regarding to his spatial triad theory. He emphasizes the perception and living of the space are conceived within the scope of spatial triad which includes the perceived, conceived and lived space and the relationship between these three aspects. When one of the dimensions of the spatial triad has less relationship with the others, the occurrence of space production is the main research question of the thesis. In this case, in the contexts of Turkey and migration, when spatial or social intervention on refugees is inadequate, the place of conceived space in the spatial triad is investigated. In this context, the concept of spatial triad developed by Lefebvre and used by geographers studying social space is used in the thesis to investigate the use of space in the daily life of refugees. Whether the refugees produced a clustered and disconnected refugee neighborhood is investigated in the field of Ulubey Neighborhood in Ankara on the basis of spatial triad theory. In the case of one of the perceived - designed - lived spaces has less effect on the relationship with the others within the scope of the findings obtained from the research, the production of the space in the area is discussed.