Design of an FM-CW radar altimeter


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2005

Student: YAŞAR BARIŞ YETKİL

Co-Supervisor: ŞİMŞEK DEMİR, YALÇIN TANIK

Abstract:

Frequency modulated continuous wave (FM-CW) radar altimeters are used in civil and military applications. Proximity fuses, automatic cruise control systems of cars, radar altimeter of planes are examples to these applications. The goal of this thesis is to present a method for altitude determination using an FM-CW radar. For this purpose principles of radars and FM-CW systems are studied and related subjects are inspected. After this inspection, algorithms for altitude determination are evaluated. Consequently signal detection and processing methods are proposed to build an altitude determining algorithm. Also an analytical test environment for altitudes between 100 m and 4000 m is developed in computer as a result of researches. Test environment simulated the performance of altitude determining algorithm and FM-CW Radar Altimeter. The hardware is designed and implemented accordingly.