Policies of women's emancipation in Soviet Central Asia, 1917 - 1953

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Graduate School of Social Sciences, Turkey

Approval Date: 2015




This thesis discusses the Soviet policies regarding the emancipation of the Central Asian women in between 1917 and 1953. The work analyzes the factors that impeded and determined the outcomes of the Soviet policies. The thesis studies the Marxist feminist theory developed in the works of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Kollontai; discusses the place and role of propaganda in addressing 'woman question'; examines the main spheres where Bolsheviks dealt with the issues, such as legal, educational, cultural, production and healthcare; and, lastly, discusses the social and cultural processes in the region, such as revolt of Basmachi against the Bolsheviks, Jadids cultural and educational movement as well as the position of the conservative Islamic clergy in the region that affected the outcomes. Particular attention is paid to the study of the propaganda materials, notably the propaganda posters related to the issues of women education, healthcare, rights and labor. Author analyzes 20 original posters of the Soviet era in order to present the importance and main aspects of the Bolsheviks reforms.