Evaluation of community development based urban regeneration: The case of Mehmet Akif Ersoy, Ankara


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Student: AYSUN YILMAZ

Supervisor: CEMİLE NİL UZUN

Abstract:

Urban regeneration is one of the significant issues all over the world as well as in our country. The major developments occurring in urban areas with the industrial revolution has led to a change in cities and different places has emerged during this major changing process. Life in the city is permanently affected by economic, social and political changes. Therefore, in this changing urban dynamics, planning must be re-evaluated. At this point, renewal of the depressed areas in the city emerges as a problem and the terms, ‘urban renewal’ and ‘urban regeneration’ become important. In the mid-20th century, the social and economic developments in Turkey inevitably resulted in a rapid urbanization process. As society experienced a massive social regeneration, most of larger cities have been strongly shaped by illegal squatter settlements, built by the migrant population to meet their urgent needs for shelter. Over time, these squatter housing areas have become a complex social, economic, cultural and political problem that has not yet been resolved. The definition of urban regeneration/transformation in planning theory changes in each era and the various approaches to regeneration in planning practice differ from each other due to the paradigm shifts in planning history. In the 21st century, the post-industrial urban policies have gained a new dimension and integrated aproach, multi-actor partnership, community empowerment and area-based policies became at the forefront. With this progress, it is necessary to re-evaluate and re-defined the concept of urban regeneration. However, since the answers to the different regeneration problems in our country have been reduced to the regeneration of the physical field, ignoring the social, economic, and environmental dimensions of the regeneration and the community in the regeneration area emerges as a problem. The topic of community development based urban regeneration focuses on integrated urban regeneration including social development, economic development, physical improvement, and democratic organization. Using case study as a research method, this research focuses on the 'community-based' urban regeneration project implemented in the neighborhood of Mehmet Akif Ersoy in Ankara and tries to answer the question of how far this regeneration project is successful in terms of community development based urban regeneration aspects.