An Assessment of Energy Efficient and Climate Sensitive Urban Design Principles: Design Proposals for Residential City Blocks in Temperate Arid and Hot Humid Regions

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Turkey

Approval Date: 2016

Thesis Language: English


Principal Supervisor (For Co-Supervisor Theses): Osman Balaban

Co-Supervisor: Mehmet Adnan Barlas


Environmental problems caused by urbanization and industrialization processes have almost irreversibly damaged the ecological balance in the natural environment. In the 21st century, when half of the worlds population has become urban, the links between urbanization and environmental problems gained more attention and the search for measures and solutions to address the negative impacts of urban development on natural environment increased. Global warming and climate change, the major challenges that contemporary societies face today, have strengthened the links between urban development and environmental problems. Energy efficiency in urban buildings is quite an important issue for Turkey that is highly dependent on foreign sources for energy supply. In this respect, energy efficient and climate sensitive urban design practices have to be developed and implemented extensively to prepare Turkish cities for the future. In this study, energy efficient and climate sensitive urban design principles (or parameters) have been compiled and assessed with the aim of understanding the merits and benefits they deliver to redevelop inner city residential city blocks in more environmental-friendly manner. Two residential city blocks that comprise high-rise apartments within an inner city quarter in Ankara have been selected as the case study area to apply the design principles. Various urban design proposals have been developed for temperate arid and hot humid climatic regions, and the benefits, constraints and shortcomings of each proposal have been evaluated. The study also aims to help urban planning and design practitioners by means of the lessons derived for redevelopment of inner city residential quarters in Turkish cities.