Modelling the evolution of demand forecasts in a production-distribution system

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Industrial Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2006

Thesis Language: English

Student: Cem Tahsin Yücer



In this thesis, we focus on a forecasting tool, Martingale Model of Forecast Evolution (MMFE), to model the evolution of forecasts in a production-distribution system. Additive form is performed to represent the evolution process. Variance-Covariance (VCV) matrix is defined to express the forecast updates. The selected demand pattern is stationary and it is normally distributed. It follows an Autoregressive Order-1 (AR(1)) model. Two forecasting procedures are selected to compare the MMFE with. These are MA (Moving average) and ES (Exponential smoothing) methods. A production-distribution model is constructed to represent a two-stage supply chain environment. The performance measures considered in the analyses are the total costs, fill rates and forecast accuracy observed in the operation of the production-distribution system. The goal is to demonstrate the importance of good forecasting in supply chain environments.