A case study on the aspects of classroom discourse in a fifth grade mathematics class in a regional elementary boarding school


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2009

Thesis Language: English

Student: Şule Şahin

Supervisor: MİNE IŞIKSAL BOSTAN

Abstract:

The purpose of this study was to analyze and interpret specific aspects and characteristics of classroom discourse of an elementary mathematics classroom. To examine the classroom discourse, a fifth grade mathematics classroom was observed during sixteen weeks, and twenty lessons in total. The analysis was based on two main categories: (1) Student Learning and (2) Teacher Moves. Student Learning further divided into two sub-categories as content and learning. Additionally, Teacher Moves also divided into content knowledge and pedagogy and creating learning environment sub-categories. Results of this study showed that despite the many efforts in mathematics education in Turkey and the accepted importance of student-centered classrooms; still in some elementary classrooms teacher-centered instruction continue to be dominating. Moreover, the teacher questions generally seemed to have short answer and low-level characteristics that require students to recall mathematical rules and procedures rather than high-level questions that require students to recall mathematics rules and procedures rather than high-level questions that require students think deeper and draw inferences on mathematical content. Although, the results did not meet the assumptions of discursive classroom at all; based on the results, it could be said that in classroom practices, mathematics teachers try to make connections between mathematical content and other disciplines where they tried to give examples from real-world situations and also encourage students in that way; as pointed out in new mathematics curriculum.