Patriarchal structures and practices in Turkey : the case of social realist and national films of 1960s

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Sociology, Turkey

Approval Date: 2005

Thesis Language: English

Student: Hatice Yeşildal Şen



This thesis highlights the significance of patriarchal structures and their reproduction in women̕s social position through the feminist perspective. Patriarchy is a dominant structure both on production and reproduction sphere. Patriarchy, which is a dominant structure in every sphere of social life has material basis and controls both women̕s labour and sexuality. With this framework some concepts such as the types of women̕s labour, paid and domestic labour, family, honour, violence and masculinity are used in order to understand patriarchy. Patriarchy is not a fixed structure; on the contrary it has been changed according to the different mode of production and different social and cultural structures in which it takes place. In the scope of this thesis, the examples of ءsocial realist̕ and ءnational cinema̕ are analysed sociologically. The social, economic and political structure of Turkey in between 1960-70 has some special importance. In addition to that, the institution of cinema had some important changes at the same period. Meantime, it is important that not many studies were done in woman̕s subordination for this period in Turkey. Not only woman̕s subordination in the scope of patriarchy, but also mutual relations of men and the role of men in reproduction of patriarchy were analysed in the film analysis.