Road extraction from high resolution satellite images using adaptive boosting with multi-resolution analysis


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Turkey

Approval Date: 2012

Thesis Language: English

Student: Umut Çınar

Supervisor: YASEMİN ÇETİN

Abstract:

Road extraction from satellite or aerial imagery is a popular topic in remote sensing, and there are many road extraction algorithms suggested by various researches. However, the need of reliable remotely sensed road information still persists as there is no sufficiently robust road extraction algorithm yet. In this study, we explore the road extraction problem taking advantage of the multi-resolution analysis and adaptive boosting based classifiers. That is, we propose a new road extraction algorithm exploiting both spectral and structural features of the high resolution multi-spectral satellite images. The proposed model is composed of three major components; feature extraction, classification and road detection. Well-known spectral band ratios are utilized to represent reflectance properties of the data whereas a segmentation operation followed by an elongatedness scoring technique renders structural evaluation of the road parts within the multi-resolution analysis framework. The extracted features are fed into Adaptive Boosting (Adaboost) learning procedure, and the learning method iteratively combines decision trees to acquire a classifier with a high accuracy. The road network is identified from the probability map constructed by the classifier suggested by Adaboost. The algorithm is designed to be modular in the sense of its extensibility, that is; new road descriptor features can be easily integrated into the existing model. The empirical evaluation of the proposed algorithm suggests that the algorithm is capable of extracting majority of the road network, and it poses promising performance results.