Changing tourism planning framework from holistic comprehensive planning to market-led partial development: The case of South Antalya tourism area

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Architecture, Department of City and Regional Planning, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014




It is an indisputable fact that planning approach has experienced a change accompanied by the economic, political and social restructuring throughout the world since beginning of twentieth century. In line with this process, tourism planning has also witnessed a change as research in this field puts forward. A review of approaches to tourism development planning indicates that economic oriented consideration first changed into a more integrated and comprehensive approach. Then, it is moved to more sustainable and participatory approaches. However, the change in tourism planning approach does not follow the same process in countries having different economic, political and social structures. Thus, tourism planning literature originating from mainly western studies is not explanatory for these countries. Within this context, this thesis focuses on revealing the change in tourism planning approach in Turkey with an emphasis on the change in definition of tourism land use concepts and plan decisions with reference to aims and instruments of tourism planning set by Turkish government. In order to show this, a case study was conducted in South Antalya Tourism Area which has always been the main focus of state intervention in order to develop tourism since the 1970s. vi Results of the thesis show that the planning process of tourism was the derivative of national tourism policy based on comprehensive planning approach in the 1970s, however, with the enactment of Tourism Encouragement Law No. 2634 in 1982 the planning process started to function according to the demand of tourism investors causing tourism planning to change from comprehensive holistic planning to market-led partial planning. This has been limited only to physical solutions and economic gain ignoring social, leisure perspectives and holistic planning principles particularly since 2000s.