Identification of localized nonlinearity for dynamic analysis of structures

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2013




Most engineering structures include nonlinearity to some degree. Depending on the dynamic conditions and level of external forcing, sometimes a linear structure assumption may be justified. However, design requirements of sophisticated structures such as satellites, stabilized weapon systems and radars may require nonlinear behavior to be considered for better performance. Therefore, it is very important to successfully detect, localize and parametrically identify nonlinearity in such cases. In engineering applications, the location of nonlinearity and its type may not be always known in advance. Furthermore, as the structure will be excited from only a few coordinates, the frequency response function matrices will not be complete. In order to parametrically identify more than one type of nonlinearity which may co-exist at the same location with the above mentioned limitations, a method is proposed where restoring force surface plots are used which are evaluated by describing function inversion. Then, by reformulating this method, a second method is proposed which can directly evaluate the total describing function of more than one type of nonlinearity which may co-exist at the same location without using any linear frequency response function matrix. It is also aimed in this study to use the nonlinearity localization formulations for damage localization purposes. The validation of the methods developed in this study is demonstrated with case studies based on simulated experiments, as well as real experiments with nonlinear structures and it is concluded that the methods are very promising to be used in engineering structures.