Semi-distributed hydrologic modeling studies in yuvacik basin

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2006




In this study, Yuvacık Basin, which is located in southeastern part of Marmara Region of Türkiye, is selected as the application basin and hydrologic modeling studies are performed for the basin. Basin is divided into three subbasins such as: Kirazdere, Kazandere, and Serindere and each subbasin is modeled with its own parameters. In subbasin and stream network delineation HEC-GeoHMS software is used and for the hydrologic modeling studies the new version of HEC-HMS hydrologic modeling software released in April 2006 is used. Modeling studies consist of four items: event-based hourly simulations, snow period daily simulations, daily runoff forecast using numerical weather prediction data, and runoff scenarios using intensity-duration-frequency curves. As a result of modeling studies, infiltration loss and baseflow parameters of each subbasin are calibrated with both hourly and daily simulations. Hourly parameters are used in spring, summer and fall seasons; daily parameters are used in late fall, winter and early spring (snowfall and snowmelt period) to predict runoff. Observed runoffs are compared with the forecasted runoffs that are obtained using MM5 grid data (precipitation and temperature) in the model. Goodness-of-fit between forecasted and observed runoffs is promising. Hence, the model can be used in real time runoff forecast studies. At last, runoffs that correspond to different return periods and probable maximum precipitation are predicted using intensity-duration-frequency data as input and frequency storm method of HEC-HMS. These runoffs can be used for flood control and flood damage estimation studies.