Dynamic and static balance differences based on gender and sport participation

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Turkey

Approval Date: 2013




Soccer possibly has the majority fans and may be the most fashionable sport in the global sporting field and at least 240 million people frequently participate in soccer (FIFA, 2000). While adolescence players are mostly not professional and have no fiscal worth for their school or probably for their clubs, but their sustained physical condition and security has a critical value. The matter of balance is considered as one of the critical issues in sports especially in soccer. On the other hand human beings are bipeds so walking, running, and standing over the ground causes a critical challenge to their balance system. The purpose of this study is to compare the static and dynamic balance performance of males and females, and of athletes and sedentary collegiate adolescents. Participants were 37 sedentary university students (M = 27.67, SD = 3.24 y) and 36 soccer players (M = 21.60, SD = 2.28 y). The tests for evaluating static and dynamic balance were One-leg Standing Balance & Star Excursion Balance Tests respectively. Results of MANOVA indicated a significant main effect for sport participation (Wilks' Lambda = .620, F (4, 66) = 10.123, p < .01, partial η2 = .38). However, results showed no significant main effect for gender (Wilks' Lambda = .958, F (4, 66) = .721, P = .580; p > .05, partial η2 = .042). Similarly, no significant interaction effect was observed for gender and sport participation as independent variables with four levels of balance performance as the dependent variables (Wilks' Lambda = .941, F (4, 66) = 1.028, P=.400; p > .05, partial η2 = .05).