Effect of the Jacobian evalution on direct solutions of the Euler equations

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2003

Thesis Language: English

Student: Ömer Onur

Supervisor: SİNAN EYİ


A direct method is developed for solving the 2-D planar/axisymmetric Euler equations. The Euler equations are discretized using a finite-volume method with upwind flux splitting schemes, and the resulting nonlinear system of equations are solved using Newton̕s Method. Both analytical and numerical methods are used for Jacobian calculations. Numerical method has the advantage of keeping the Jacobian consistent with the numerical flux vector without extremely complex or impractical analytical differentiations. However, numerical method may have accuracy problem and may need longer execution time. In order to improve the accuracy of numerical method detailed error analyses were performed. It was demonstrated that the finite-difference perturbation magnitude and computer precision are the most important parameters that affect the accuracy of numerical Jacobians. A relation was developed for optimum perturbation magnitude that can minimize the error in numerical Jacobians. Results show that very accurate numerical Jacobians can be calculated with optimum perturbation magnitude. The effects of the accuracy of numerical Jacobians on the convergence of flow solver are also investigated. In order to reduce the execution time for numerical Jacobian evaluation, flux vectors with perturbed flow variables are calculated for only related cells. A sparse matrix solver based on LU factorization is used for the solution, and to improve the Jacobian matrix solution some strategies are considered. Effects of different flux splitting methods, higher-order discretizations and several parameters on the performance of the solver are analyzed.