Aspects of control and complementation in Turkish


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Graduate School of Informatics, Cognitive Science, Turkey

Approval Date: 2009

Student: ŞEVKET MURAT YASAVUL

Supervisor: HÜSEYİN CEM BOZŞAHİN

Abstract:

This thesis investigates fundamental questions surrounding the phenomenon of control, with an emphasis on control in Turkish, as well as the behaviour of control verbs in non-infinitival environments, which have received little attention previously. I focus solely on the cases of obligatory control (OC) which constitute the only kind of control that is conditioned by the matrix verb alone. This approach is couched in Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) where the control verb projects the necessary syntactic and semantic information. In particular, I argue that the control behaviour is an entailment associated with the verb itself, and that variable, split and partial control are instances of OC. Hence, no special mechanism/structure is needed to account for their interpretation. As to the syntactic and semantic status of the complement, I maintain that the complement is a bare VP in syntax and denotes a property in semantics. Building upon the conclusions reached about OC, I attempt to account for additional complementation patterns of OC verbs. I argue that here too the matrix verb has a crucial role in ruling in and out possible complement types. Finally, I note that control involves much more than just figuring out the reference of the “unexpressed” subject of the complement, and I furthermore propose that the additional frames of an OC verb provide important clues as to its lexical meaning