Intrinsic religiosity and spiritual well-being as moderators of the relation between wisdom and psychological well-being in elderly


Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology, Turkey

Approval Date: 2017

Student: NİLSU BORHAN

Supervisor: ÖZLEM BOZO ÖZEN

Abstract:

The current study aimed to investigate the moderator roles of intrinsic religiosity and spiritual well-being on the relation between wisdom and psychological well-being in older adults. Participants of the study were 165 older people (97 females and 68 males) and age range was between 65 and 88 (M = 70.30, SD = 5.26). Participants were given demographic information form, Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale, Religious Orientation Scale, Spiritual Well-being subscale of the Mental, Physical and Spiritual Well-being Scale, Psychological Well-being Scale /Flourishing Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale, Purpose in Life Test, and Heartland Forgiveness Scale. Confirmatory factor analysis was conducted to test the original three factor structure of Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale that was translated into Turkish. Convergent, divergent, and criterion-related validities were tested by several independent t-test analyses, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and pearson correlation coefficients. Moderation analyses were also run to examine the moderator roles of intrinsic religiosity and spiritual well-being. Results suggested that Turkish version of Three-Dimensional Wisdom Scale is a reliable and valid measurement instrument except the reliability and validity of the affective wisdom subscale. In addition, intrinsic religiosity and spiritual well-being did not moderate wisdom and psychological well-being association in the present study.