Effects of 6 weeks psychological skill training on team cohesion, self-confidence & anxiety: A case of youth basketball players

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports, Turkey

Approval Date: 2013




The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of six weeks psychological skills training program (PST) based on cognitive-behavioral conceptual framework on the team cohesion, confidence, and anxiety of an intact team. Participants consisted of two teams of 36 male youth basketball players. The PST program consisted of team building, goal setting, relaxation, imagery, self-talk, pep-talk, converting thoughts, autogenic training, and progressive relaxation techniques. For the quantitative part of the study Group Environment Questionnaire (GEQ), the Trait Sport-Confidence Inventory (TSCI), and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) were given during the pre-intervention, post-intervention, first, second and third follow-up tests. Qualitative process was used in current study to support validation of implied PST program. Six players and coach were interviewed with semi-structured questions. A mixed design MANOVA revealed significant differences over time for team cohesion (F [16, 19] = 3.25, p < .05). A mixed design ANOVA revealed significant differences over time for self-confidence (F [4, 31] = 12.05, p < .05) but there was no significant differences for anxiety (F [4, 31] = .58, p > .05). Moreover, comparison between experimental and control group results indicated that there was a significant results between those two groups. Overall, it was concluded that the PST program with experimental team affected athletes’ team cohesion and self-confidence levels positively but there was no significant affect on athletes’ anxiety levels.