A practical optimum design of steel structures with scatter search method and SAP2000

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2013




In the literature, a large number of metaheuristic search techniques have been proposed up to present time and some of those have been used in structural optimization. Scatter search is one of those techniques which has proved to be effective when solving combinatorial and nonlinear optimization problems such as scheduling, routing, financial product design and other problem areas. Scatter search is an evolutionary method that uses strategies based on a composite decision rules and search diversification and intensification for generating new trial points. Broodly speaking, this thesis is concerned with the use and application of scatter search technique in structural optimization. A newly developed optimization algorithm called modified scatter search is modified which is computerized in a software called SOP2012. The software SOP2012 is integrated with well-known structural analysis software SAP2000 using application programming interface for size optimum design of steel structures. Numerical studies are carried out using a test suite consisting of five real size design examples taken from the literature. In these examples, various steel truss and frame structures are designed for minimum weight according to design limitations imposed by AISC-ASD (Allowable Stress Design Code of American Institute of Steel Construction). The results reveal that the modified scatter search technique is very effective optimization technique for truss structures, yet its performance can be assessed ordinary for frame structures.