An Intertextual analysis of the village novels by village institute graduates /

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014

Thesis Language: English

Student: Esra Elif Nartok



This thesis analyses the village novels written by Village Institute graduates in an intertextual context. Departing from the idea that the literary works of Institute graduates are representative examples of what is retrospectively called as the village literature tradition in Turkish history, this thesis examines 14 novels, written by the authors known as three peasants of the Turkish literature, who are Talip Apaydın, Fakir Baykurt, and Mahmut Makal, between 1950 and 1980. Particularly based on the theoretical framework developed by the Bakhtin Circle, the main concern of this thesis is to find out the way in which the village novels interacted with the socio-political atmosphere of Turkey and with their authors’ political-ideological discourses. Therefore, this thesis examines the organization, content, and characters of the village novels and stands for approaching them in relational terms as much as possible. In other words, it searches for finding their connotations in Turkey’s social, political and cultural history without restricting itself to the literary field. In line with its main objectives, this thesis proposes to consider the village novels under the influence of and the reciprocal relationship with the Turkish left in the sense that they succeed in going beyond classical Kemalist doctrines. Specifically, in regard to the village novels’ claim of bringing the dominated and oppressed peasants’ own life conditions and words to the literary field and make them heard by society, this thesis claims that these novels remain loyal to this claim and bear a heteroglossic feature in their intertextual context.