Hegel and marx on alienation

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology, Turkey

Approval Date: 2008

Thesis Language: English

Student: Sevgi Doğan

Supervisor: BARIŞ PARKAN


Is alienation a process of self-discovery or is it a loss of reality? The subject of this thesis is how alienation is discussed in Hegel and Marx’s philosophies in terms of this question. In Hegel’s philosophy, alienation is part of the process of self-creativity and self-discovery. For Marx, it is the result of the capitalist mode of production. While Hegel explains the existence of the human being through focusing on its ontological dimension, Marx evaluates the term alienation in terms of the economic dimension which he claims that Hegel ignores. The understanding of these philosophers about how they make understandable the process, circumstances and results of alienation is significant for the subject of this thesis. The thesis concludes that, Marx, in spite of his criticisms of Hegel is closer to Hegel than is thought. An additional claim is that Marx’s criticisms of Hegel complement Hegel’s philosophy rather than overcoming it. The supporting analysis of the thesis is the discussion of whether Marx’s criticisms related to Hegel’s understanding of alienation as abstract, mystifying, and nonsense are right or wrong. Hegel’s conception of alienation has thus been examined by way of Marx’s criticisms.