Identification and representation of information items required for vulnerability assessment and multi-hazard emergency response operations

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2011




Emergency response teams, need various internal information about facilities such as building usage type, number of floors, occupancy information, building contents and vulnerable locations in facility during and immediately after multi hazard emergencies. Accessing such information accurately and timely is very important in order to speed up the guidance of occupants in a facility that is under the effect of multi-hazards to safe exits and speed up the decision process of emergency response teams to identify vulnerable locations (e.g. locations where secondary disasters can arise following an earthquake; fires, explosions). In the current practice, emergency response teams access such vital information to respond the emergency by visual investigating the environment and by asking the people in the neighborhood which causes gaining wrong and misleading information and results in loosing time and increasing the hazardous effect of emergency. Hence, there is a need for an approach to enable emergency response teams to access timely and accurate needed information items. To start the first step of this approach, the information items needed by emergency response teams to guide occupants the safe exits, to direct emergency response teams to vulnerable locations of the facility are identified and classified. Identified information items will be represented to emergency response teams by a model based system (BIM). The opportunities of model based system (BIM) will enable fast and safe evacuation of the facility, identification of vulnerable locations within the facility in a multi hazard emergency.