Land struggle and beyond: landless rural workers’ movement of Brazil

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Economic and Administrative Sciences, Department of Political Science and Public Administration, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014

Thesis Language: English

Student: Merve Çelikten



This thesis analyses the Landless Rural Workers’ Movement of Brazil (MST) by showing its important characteristics, historical development and forms of struggle. The internal structure, activities and policies of the movement are evaluated in consideration of new social movement theory, Mariátegui’s approach on land problem and Gramscian approach. The class dynamics of the movement are also underlined in this study. The thesis argues that the MST has increased awareness and strengthened collective action among its members during the process of struggle. Through these common experiences and consciousness, the movement has gained class character and brought the class issue back in the social movements. The MST offers an alternative world in its settlements and maintains its struggle to transform the dominant system.