Arthur Danto’s ontology of aesthetics upon pop art

Thesis Type: Doctorate

Institution Of The Thesis: Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Philosophy, Turkey

Approval Date: 2014


Supervisor: BARIŞ PARKAN


The main objective of this dissertation is to examine Arthur Danto’s method of indiscernibles in his theory of aesthetics. In order to explicate this conception, Danto’s method of indiscernibles is elucidated by means of Andy Warhol’s works of Pop Art. Through this study Danto’s critical approach against traditional realism in philosophy of art is examined and Danto’s renewed solution for the reality problem of artworks is exposed with the acquaintance of Warhol’s art. After the examination of Danto’s use of indiscernibles in order to generate new realism in the philosophy of art, Richard Wollheim’s method of seeing-in is explicated in order to criticize Danto’s method. Danto dismisses the material quality of artworks at the expense of his conception of indiscernibles and Wollheim restores the material with his theory of seeing-in. This dissertation is centered on the critique of Danto’s conception of art and Wollheim’s understanding of art is used to underscore the deficiencies in Danto’s theory.