Modeling and optimization of hybrid electric vehicles

Thesis Type: Postgraduate

Institution Of The Thesis: Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Turkey

Approval Date: 2013

Thesis Language: English

Student: Burak Şamil Özden



The main goal of this thesis study is the optimization of the basic design parameters of hybrid electric vehicle drivetrain components to minimize fuel consumption and emission objectives, together with constraints derived from performance requirements. In order to generate a user friendly and flexible platform to model, select drivetrain components, simulate performance, and optimize parameters of series and parallel hybrid electric vehicles, a MATLAB based graphical user interface is designed. A basic sizing procedure for the internal combustion engine, electric motor, and battery is developed. Pre-defined control strategies are implemented for both types of hybrid configurations. To achieve better fuel consumption and emission values, while satisfying nonlinear performance constraints, multi-objective gradient based optimization procedure is carried out with user defined upper and lower bounds of optimization parameters. The optimization process is applied to a number of case studies and the results are evaluated by comparison with similar cases found in literature.